Showing posts from April, 2023

What is Intellectual property rights (IPR)

What us Intellectual property ? As per World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), Intellectual property (IP) refers to the creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce. What are the types of Intellectual property ? Types of IP includes mainly Patent Copyright Trademark Industrial Design Geographical Indication What is Patent ? In the case of Patent, the government grants you exclusive rights to use that invention, for a limited period of time, in turn of making the invention known to the public. Patentability criteria •A new product or process involving an inventive step and capable of industrial application[Sec 2(1)(j)] New (Novelty) : New, unknown, not published, undisclosed, not in public domain, not discussed, not used, not sold Inventive step/(non obviousness): Involves technical advance as compared to existing knowledge or having economic significance or both which makes it not obviou

What is Impact Factor of the journal.

What is Impact factor : Impact factor (IF) of the journal is commonly used to evaluate the relative importance of a journal within its field. Journals with higher IFs are believed to be more important than those with lower ones.    Importance of Impact Factor: The importance of journal impact factor is highlighted by AICTE in its sixth pay GR (published in 2010) and also in seventh pay GR (published in 2019), stating that “Equivalence for PhD is based on publication of 5 International Journal papers, each Journal having a cumulative impact index of not less than 2.0, with incumbent as the main author and all 5 publications being in the authors’ area of specialization”.   Ref: 7th Pay AICTE GR Who calculates Impact factor: For reputed publishers the Journal Impact Factor is calculated by Clarivate Analytics. Only SCI indexed journals have the impact factor calculated by Clarivate Analytics. Publishing a research paper in a high impact factor journal gives real happiness to the resea

What is Citation of research paper ?

What is Citation : A citation in a research paper is a reference to a source that has been used in the paper. It helps the readers to identify the Original source of information that is referred to in a work. A citation provides information about the source to help the reader locate the original material and to give credit to the author or creator of the source. What it includes:  Citations typically include the author's name, the title of the source, the date of publication specially year, and other identifying information such as the name of the publisher, volume and issue numbers, and page numbers.  Example :   N. N. Kulkarni and V. K. Bairag i, “ Extracting salient features for EEG-based diagnosis of Alzheimer ’ s disease using support vector machine classi fi er", IETE Journal of Research , vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 11 – 22, 2017. Types of citations: There are different citation styles such as APA, MLA, or Chicago. The format of a citation depends on the citation style